The city of Lima, Peru is populated by about 8.5 million people. With so much push to conserve and shepherd our environment, there is equally as much concern to save our ecology and our planet.
The city of Lima does not have a waste water treatment system, and sewage, if processed at all, is processed poorly. The sewage flows into the Pacific Ocean, and is discharged near where people swim. First and foremost, this is unhealthy for humans swimming in any close relation to these discharge areas. Second, the nutrients from the waste are detrimental to the environment. This water contaminates drinking water for the country and thus, the people of the country use plastic water bottles for drinking water. Although the country focuses on recycling their bottles, recycling plants cause pollution of their own, and emit toxins that are again, detrimental to human healthy and the environment.
Because Peru is a developing country, they do not have a stable enough economy to improve their environmental efforts. In a way, it results back to the intersect of ecology verses economy. Pondering the solutions Lima has would require a more stable economy. If the country would focus more towards creating a decent waste water treatment system, they would not only be focused on a more environmentally approach, but there would possibly be more jobs created. However, switching from an economy of recycling to focusing on waste water would one, require systems for waste water treatment to be built (which for almost 9 million people would be expensive), and two, would require a switch point in order for the economy to not decline.
Most every country, including the United States, has problems between the fine lines of ecology verses economy. Both are equally important, and without our ecology and environment, it would be extremely hard for humans to thrive. The city of Lima has a harder time because they are a developing country and it will be up to the people, leadership, and economy that determines how much care or stewardship will be put into the ecology of their country.